Assessment of the number of sexual violence victims during the Homeland War on the territory of the Republic of Croatia and optimal forms of compensation and support

02 Jul 2014

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Office in Republic of Croatia, and the Ministry of Veterans’ Affairs of the Republic of Croatia (MBRH), initiated the preparation of the Act on the Protection of Victims of Sexual Violence in War (the Act), with the aim of regulating the rights of victims of sexual violence in war,together with the accompanying system of compensation and rehabilitation.

According to assessments, the existing system of rights and protection of civilian and military victims of war does not include the victims of sexual violence in an appropriate manner, and the victims are not provided with an appropriate system of care.

Within the preparation of the legislative draft, several key questions arose:

In what manner should sexual violence in war be defined?

What is the number of victims, and what is the number of potential beneficiaries of the rights foreseen by the Act?

What are the optimal forms of compensation and support to victims of sexual violence in war?

In the course of preparation of the draft proposal of the Act, UNDP and the Ministry have realized that an adequate resolution of these issues is not possible without the implementation of an ad-hoc sociological research, which is why they asked the researchers at the Department of Sociology of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences in Zagreb (the Department) to propose the methodology for a suitable research process, which would support the provision of answers to these questions and other matters to be resolved.