6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
Where we are
In 2009, the Government of the Republic of Croatia adopted the National Employment Promotion Plan for 2009 and 2010. Key priorities that the Republic of Croatia intends to realize through this Plan are: increase the participation rate of women of primary age group (25 - 49), as well as older people and youth, solution of the long-term unemployment problem, reduction of the skills' disproportion in the labour market, workers' and companies' adjustability improvement, increase of investments in human resources through better education and skills, good management and administrative capacity building.
Interventions in the sense of motivation, education and employment's co-financing are oriented towards: primary age women of lower and inadequate education, unemployed persons (50+) and employed ones threatened by job loss, the young people that lost touch with the secondary school system, the youth without work experience, the long-term unemployed. A special emphasis should be put on disabled persons, victims of family violence, single parents, Croatian war veterans and treated addicts. Integral part of the Plan is also a National Programme for Romani, which includes measures for employment, as well as co-financing of employment for Romani national minority.
Major challenge on the Croatian labour market is considerably lower rate of employment in comparison to the EU countries average. From 2001 till 2008 significant employment increase and unemployment reduction was recorded, largely due to the economic growth. However, in 2009, rate of unemployment was 6,1% higher than in 2005, which was caused by the deep recession, i.e. employment reduction, especially in processing industry, construction and trade.
Although the unemployment rate refers to all age, gender and education groups of the able-bodied population, a special attention is to be paid to women of primary age group, especially the ones having low or inadequate qualifications, young without work experience and older people in general. Since Croatia, in comparison to the EU, has significantly lower share of highly educated workers in total number of the employed, it is of key importance that Croatia includes more people in the higher education and raises the level of education among population of all age groups. Also, in order to provide work experience to the young and in that way enable them to find a job much easier, it is necessary to better adjust their education to labour market requirements, as well as to adjust education system as a response to new requirements of the labour market. This would enable overcoming of current problem of disproportion between offer and demand for certain educational profiles and skills in many sectors.
Furthermore, it is necessary to more efficiently solve employment problems of national minorities, as well as persons with disabilities. Special attention should be given to the status of Croatian war veterans from the Homeland War. In addition, reduction of significant regional differences, a more progressive development of outlying regions, a decrease in employment differences, unemployment, average salaries and production per capita, as well as the level of education among the population should be specially addressed.
UNDP's work in Croatia
“The milk that we produce, we cannot sell,” says Mileva Desnica, who lives in the small village of Ajderovac in Croatia. “We don’t have electricity formore
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG1
- Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
- Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
- Poverty gap ratio
- Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
- Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
- Growth rate of GDP per person employed
- Employment-to-population ratio
- Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
- Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
- Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
- Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
- Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption