6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Where we are?
Reporting HIV and AIDS cases is obligatory in Croatia. According to the data from HIV/AIDS Register of Epidemiology Service with the Croatian Public Health Institute, from 1985 to the end of 2009, there were 792 persons in total who were diagnosed with HIV, and 301 of them have developed AIDS. In Croatia in the last 10 years, there has been 15 persons with AIDS registered on average, which makes Croatia a country with a low level of AIDS prevalence (number of new patients suffering from AIDS per year amounts to less than 4 per one mil of the population), owing to intense, continuous and systematic measures.
It is important to point out that, since the last Report in 2006, there has been significant achievement in the Target 1 (Maintaining the present level of HIV/AIDS infection in Croatia), in a sense that the percentage of education of youth has dramatically increased (38% in 2005 to 97% in 2009). In addition, 100% accomplishment was achieved in terms of involvement of population of drug addicts with HIV in some type of health protection (in 2005 – 71%). Also, the introduction of new legal regulations related to HIV positive persons were established, Law on Elimination of Discrimination.
In relation to Target 2: "Decrease the level of prevalence of tuberculosis", it should be noted that its prevalence has been gradually decreasing and the incidence rate in 2009 amounted to 19 per 100,000 of the population. Age distribution of persons suffering from tuberculosis in Croatia corresponds to age distribution in the developed countries, with the highest mortality recorded in the oldest age group.
In relation to that, it should be pointed out that the high number of vaccinated children that has been maintained throughout the period is the reason why disseminated types of tuberculosis in children and tuberculosis meningitis have been quite rare. The continuation of prevention programmes, especially early detection of the infection source and the treatment of the infected, are expected to contribute to a further decrease in the number of the infected.
The 8 Millennium Development Goals
- 1 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty
- 2 Achieve universal primary education
- 3 Promote gender equality and empower women
- 4 Reduce child mortality
- 5 Improve maternal health
- 6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- 7 Ensure environmental sustainability
- 8 Develop a global partnership for development
Targets for MDG6
- Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
- HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
- Condom use at last high-risk sex
- Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
- Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
- Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
- Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs