UNDP assist Croatia in dealing with climate change issues primarily through activities aimed at the reduction of institutional barriers to the use of energy efficient technologies and procedures in residential and service sectors. This will aid in the implementation of the Kyoto protocol which Croatia has ratified in April 2007. Efforts towards the preservation and sustainable use of biodiversity include promoting the development of the main economic sectors in the coastal area – tourism, agriculture and fisheries. The aim is to recognize, carefully use, promote and preserve rich biodiversity as the main developmental advantage in Dalmatia.
The Environmental Governance Programme aims to ensure that natural resources are used in a sustainable manner and in compliance with the international obligations and agreements that the Republic of Croatia has assumed. The programme aims at making a number of strategic contributions to the achievement of national Millenium Development Goal (nMDG) 7 - sustainable development - while seeking to achieve two outcomes related to climate change and biodiversity. The climate change outcome is a reduction of the institutional barriers that prevent the use of energy efficient technologies and practices in the residential and service sectors. UNDP-supported interventions contribute to National efforts to reach the Kyoto protocol targets for reducing greenhouse gasses. The biodiversity outcome intends to support greening and sustainable conservation actions and practices among the key sectors driving coastal and island development in Croatia. In 4 selected Dalmatian counties, UNDP works with operators in the tourism, agriculture and fisheries sectors to encourage investment decisions that are made on the basis of biodiversity protection and sound and sustainable environmental criteria.
The climate change and biodiversity outcomes
The climate change and biodiversity outcomes will be achieved with three linked strategies: The first is to demonstrate innovative practices for engaging local stakeholders in environmental planning. The business sector will be engaged to improve environmental management practices. Local government units are provided with support in managing complex local environments and to integrate environmental aspects into their planning and management practices. This contributes to the second strategy to support integrated policy measures and the drafting of key environmental legislation. The third strategy is to increase the level and types of predominantly commercial financing for investments, which promote energy efficiency and biodiversity.
UNDP Environmental Governance Programme is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) together with co-financing and parallel funding by Government and local authorities. The implementing partners are Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction, Ministry of Economy, Labour and Entrepreneurshiop, Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund and Croatian Bank for Reconstruction and Development (HBOR). Other partners include local authorities and businesses.
Strategic links between the Environmental Governance programme and other UNDP Croatia programmes include: direct linkages with the Business Partnerships programme in both energy efficiency and biodiversity conservation dimensions as both exemplify responsibly and ethical corporate behavior. Since most of the initiatives are targeted at industry and residential users, actual activities will happen at the local development level and will contribute to the UNDP Local Development programme.
The Guidelines for the promotion of sustainable rural development of Dalmatia have been published to share positive experiences and good practices with other development agencies in Croatia, institutions and organizations involved in regional development, and anyone who is applying for EU funds.
"The Framework for Low-Emission Development Strategy for Croatia" will be used as the basis for the development of the Low-Carbon Development Strategy, with defined sectoral aims to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions until 2050.