Develop a global partnership for development
Where we are?
In accordance with the National Strategy, the Republic of Croatia has committed itself to take into account the development needs of least developed countries and thus contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
The Republic of Croatia in 2009 allocated more than 18,5 mil Euros within the framework of ODA. Also, the Republic of Croatia was giving voluntary contributions within the UN system, to international organizations and peacekeeping missions, including training and development projects, as well as contributions to civil society organizations.
The official bilateral aid in 2009 was 93,95% of the total development aid, while multilateral contributions amounted 6,05%. The total support measures for projects and programmes of civil society organisations aiming to help in the achievement of MDG 8, Global Partnership, were 584,278 EUR in 2007; 35,184 EUR in 2008; and 542,000 EUR in 2009 according to the statistics of the Croatian Government's Office for Cooperation with NGOs.
Within the context of development assistance of the Republic of Croatia to Africa, activities of UNICEF's Office in Croatia should be noted, in the framework of which the contribution is granted in 2008 and 2009 for the project "Schools for Africa". During 2009, 191 schools and about 60,000 children were involved in the project implementation and activities were aimed at helping children in Rwanda. Specifically, the Project was intended for building and renovating schools and sanitary facilities, ensuring safe drinking water and providing schoolbooks for children without parental care and those who live in particularly difficult living conditions.
Since the beginning of this project in 2008, about 109,000 EUR was collected. Also, the MFAEI paid approx. 16,000 EUR on bank account of the UNICEF's Office in Zagreb for the project "Schools for Africa", through official development assistance secured by the state budget funds in 2009. In 2008 and 2009 more than 234,000 EUR has been collected. It should be noted that this project has also an educational role for Croatian children in deepening the understanding of conditions in which live their peers in Africa and developing a sense of solidarity through fund raising. This is the only project of the UNICEF Office in Croatia that has no character of crisis aid but exclusively represents development assistance.
The European Commission has put forward the expectations that the Republic of Croatia should reach the level of spending on development assistance which European Union envisaged for the new Member States: 0.17% of GDP until 2010 and 0.33% of GDP until 2015. The MFAEI, in its capacity of the coordinator for the area of development cooperation and humanitarian aid, has the obligation to submit periodic reports to the European Commission regarding development aid provided by the Republic of Croatia.
Millennium development goal "Global cooperation for development" also includes the use of new technologies which are necessary in the development of society based on knowledge and society in which everyone has the equal right of access to information. According to a research of the World Economic Forum (WEF) on Information Technology conducted in 2010, Croatia based on its ICT competitiveness placed 51st among 133 world countries that account for 98% of the total world GDP.
As far as the online availability of public services is concerned, Croatia moved up from the 82nd to the 40th position. Significant progress has been made in e-participation, where Croatia climbed from the 70th to the 25th position. E-participation index assesses the quality, relevance, usefulness and willingness of government websites in providing online information and participatory tools and services intended for the public.
According to a study of the European Commission on the availability of public services over the internet12, Croatia ranked 30th in terms of the presence and 31st in terms of the complexity of e-services among 31 countries entailed in the research.
Research of the WEF revealed the weakness of the Croatian ICT competitiveness on which Croatia has to concentrate in the future. Particular emphasis should be put on the fact that Croatia ranks only 102nd in terms of the level of technology absorption in companies, where it is necessary to define priority measures and activities, especially within the new E-Business Development Strategy whose development is in progress.
In the field of e-Government results so far suggest that it is necessary to strengthen the information and communication technologies usage within the state administration and its communication with citizens and the business sector. Furthermore, it is necessary to establish a framework and aims of new and existing activities of e-Government, with emphasis on the users' satisfaction, rationalization of administrative procedures and modern electronic services, which will be achieved with the planned implementation of the Strategy for the development of electronic administration for 2009-2012.