Croatia's Low Emission Development Strategy
The bottom-up concept of stakeholder consultation is new to Croatia and proved a successful way to engage both stakeholders and policy makers on an even playing field to address policy and development issues.
The workshop process helped to establish cross-sectoral cooperation among stakeholders, mainstream climate change into core development process and define priority reduction emissions measures with positive impacts on sustainable development. Furthermore, some of those measures will be included in Plan for air protection, ozone layer protection and climate change mitigation which will be adopted by the end of this year for 5 year period.
The workshop preparatory process comprised of: compiling a list of expert, competent authorities and stakeholders in the public, private, institutional and NGO sectors; identifying a key player or government official in that particular sector and establishing contacts in order to organise a workshop in partnership; and carrying out the workshop following the same agenda. Identification of stakeholders to be included in the workshop process was important part of the project in order to have their voice heard and to ensure their active involvement from the start.
Seven sectorial workshops were focused on defining and prioritisation of measures that will reduce greenhouse gases emissions from following sectors:
- waste management
- LULUCF - land use, land use change and forestry
- buildings; and
Presentation of the organising institutions' activities in the area allowed for the presentation of the starting points for the preparation of the strategy and the process itself. This was followed by SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) analysis in which all participants were taking part, common vision definition for the sector till 2050 and identification of existing policy documents using colourful post-it notes and a board.
A list of around 10 measures identified in the existing documents and updated by the expert team as a result of consultation with sector experts were presented for each sector. A subsequent moderated discussion identified the best long-term cost-effective measures for emission reduction by brainstorming, short listing and prioritizing necessary mitigation.
This was followed by assessment of measures on an impact assessment sheet (on which predetermined set of possible impacts were gathered in a table) to explore the environmental, social and economic impact of each measure. Workshops were used to further explore the practicality, financial aspects and assessment of the social, economic and environmental impacts of proposed measures in order to select priority measures for each sector.
Group work for specification of the few shortlisted measures identified main responsible entities, costs and sources of financing, indicators of successful implementation. Groups then presented the outcomes of the group work.
At the end of each workshop evaluation forms were completed and a report was completed for each sectorial workshop and was circulated among participants or made available on ministry websites. This report would later feed into the draft text of the LEDS. Following this, measures will be assessed by experts and UNDP using a green jobs calculator and use of marginal abatement cost (MAC) curves to present a comprehensive assessment of each selected priority measure presented in the LEDS.
The main goal of the workshops was achieved – communication and interaction of various stakeholders who were generally united in their long-term objectives and visions for each sector.